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Vol. 25 (64), № 2. 2012
Geography

 

Bokov V.A.
Whether real landscapes?
The extreme points of view on the landscape as a uniquely allocated and subjectively allocated objects shown  their limitations. The landscapes are distinguished with an approximate match with the existing landscape  outside the material basis, reflecting the objective reality, a certain kind of activity and limited experience.

Bagrova L. A., Bokov V. A., Mazinov A. S.
Dangerous technological disasters in the energy sector as environmental risk factors
The problem of technological risks increasing in the energy sector is considered. The main hazards associated  with an increase in production and consumption of electricity is analyzed. The examples of the world's major  energy accidents are given. The riskogennost of traditional and renewable energy is compared.

Belyaeva O. I.
Regarding of the pollution of the storm drain in the coastal zone of sea (review) 
Storm drains of the seaports north Black Sea of are the substantial source of the pollution of the coastal zone  of a sea, because the oil and the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, the ions of the heavy metals, the biogenic s  and other compounds, the concentration of which considerably exceeds maximum-possible norms for seas.

Boborykinа O. V., Nasonkin V. A., Pankov F. N.
Geodynamic monitoring Geophysical Observatory TNU in 2011
This work is devoted to observations of geodynamic processes in the Crimean Black Sea region by means of laser interferometry in the Geophysical Observatory of TNU in 2011. The most striking seismic events of this  period are marked here – an earthquake in Japan, and significant for our region – in Turkey. On example of  the last event the original technique of prediction of regional earthquakes is shown.

Garkusha L. Y., Bagrova L. A., Pozachenyuk E. A.
The diversity of Crimean landscapes with the Mediterranean elements of flora
The analysis of the structure of Crimean areographic flora is given with the differentiation: Mediterranean,  Eurasian, Holarctic geographical elements. The approaches to the delimitation of borders the Mediterranean  were considered and variants of Mediterranean Crimean landscapes were investigated: the western and eastern  sub-Mediterranean (southern coastal), western submontane; nemoral; yailas.

Dmitrieva A.Y., Samokhin G.V., Amelichev G.N.
Karst and caves of Simferopol (Piedmont of Crimea)
Over 20 years in the study of karst Crimea substantial changes occur. They are based on new ideas and  concepts in geology, hydrogeology and speleogenesis, who recently formed in karstology and is now being  tested on the Crimean material. The use of advanced  methods of research revealed in Simferopol traces  hypogene karst. We describe the surface and underground karst forms are not published in the literature.

Yerginа E. I., Lisetsky F. N., Akulov V. V., Repetskaya A. I., Novikova Yu. A.
Dendroclimate study of growth conditions the  Crimean pine in foothills of Crimea
We study the processes of forest growth and determination of the main meteoelementov (average annual  temperature and precipitation). Offers climate index for research in foothills of Crimea.

Mamontova L. S.
Acoustic checking system of height of water level
The principle of action of the acoustic checking system of the height of water levels in the river or in the  reservoir was made out and using of it will allow to determine operatively and at the same time the marks of  water levels on any plots on the lengths of the river in depending on the tasks of researches.

Melnik S.V.
The analysis of time series of the runoff on posts of the upper and average Dnestr 
By means of spectral functions time series of a mid-annual water flow, maximum for a year and a sediment  yields on 6 posts of Dnestr are analysed. Outcomes of research allow to draw a leading-out on existence of  cycles lasting 2; 3; 6; 11 15; 25-32 years. It is noted that on all posts of observation connection of a runoff of  sediment yields with a high runoff much more, than with a mid-annual runoff.

Panin A.G.
The interaction of nature components and its role in the landscape forming on the example  of the Western Crimean Foothills
At the article the display of contact and interaction of nature components and elements of plains and  mountains – orography, tectonics, morphostructures, isotherms, precipitations, hydrographic network, soils  and vegetation – are considered. As consequence it is the separation of Crimean Foothills. The conclusion  about the ecotone character of landscapes of this territory is made.

Tymokhina Е.І., Klimchouk A.B., Amelichev G.M.
Geomorphogenesis of astructural slopes of the Inner Range of the Mountainous Crimea:  the role of hypogenic karst in the formation and retreat of cliffs 
In geomorphogenesis of the fore-mountain region a leading role is played by the processes of dismemberment  of "shielding" limestone layers of the monoclinal stratified structure, and slope processes in the intervals of  rocky limestone outcrops. Their main pre-condition  is hypogene karst development which preceded the  modern relief and controlled its formation.  Karstified fracture-karst zones, 100 to 400 m wide, in the  Cretaceous-Paleogene strata controlled the entrenchment of valleys in the limestone layers. The basic elements  of hypogenic karst structures, which forms their spatial framework, are sub-vertical fracture-karst conduits  (karst «rifts»). Dissection of limestone layers along vertical fracture-karst rift conduits initially set the clifflike shape of valleys slopes, and presence of such rift conduits in the rear of cliffs of already incised valleys  determines the mechanisms of cliff retreat, with the maintenance of verticality, and controls position and
configuration of segments of cliffs. A dominant slope process in the intervals of limestones is block toppling,  whereas blocks become separated mainly along remaining fracture-karst conduits in rearward parts of cliffs.  Hypogenic sculptural morphology is displayed in the exposed walls of the fracture-karst conduits, which  determines the originality and nomenclature of morphology of limestone cliffs of the Inner Range. In those  areas of slopes where position of cliffs has stabilized for considerable time due to absence of new lines of  block detachment in the rear, weathering becomes a significant process in the morphogenesis of surfaces.  Slopes lose their verticality and acquire the smoothed rims. Specific hypogenic sculptural morphology of cliffs  is being destroyed on such slopes. The finding about control of slope processes in limestones by hypogenic
fracture-karst structures gives new important criteria for the slope condition assessment and prognosis of  hazardous collapses and rockfalls in the limits of the Internal Range. 

Dugarenko I. A.
Approaches to Geographical Researches of Recreational functions of the territory 
Geographical approaches to researches of evolution stages of territorial recreational systems were considered  in this article. The indexes for estimate of the recreational development’s level were analyzed.

Kuznetsov M. V., Shamray N. V.
The social and geographical aspects  of optimization of the territorial structure of  educational system of Pervomaisky District, ARC
Reveals the specificity of the formation of the educational system of grass-roots administrative district in the  market transformation of its economy. Contains an analysis of modern territorial structure of the network of  preschool institutions and schools of education relative to the settlement in the aisles and rural councils of  Pervomaisky District, ARC. Identifies territorial features of the return demand’s education of the population  due to demographic processes and size of populations of grass-roots administrative area.  Determines the prospects for the direction of the transformation of the territorial structure of the network of  preschool and school Pervomaisky District, ARC.

Lysenko A. V., Ozhegova L. O.
The West European model of secession identity: geographical economic approach 
The influence of geo-economic factor of oil reserves on the process of forming of secession identity in the  modern world is examined in the article.  

Ralko A. N.
Appearance and development electoral geography in the U.S. and Europe
Lightened  he main features of the emergence and development of the electoral geography, based on the most  important works in this field. It also tells of the early studies of electoral sociology, which in future will have  an impact on the electoral geography close to it.